Ethiopia's Overview

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Manufacturing in Ethiopia


Manufacturing business in Ethiopia offers huge opportunities and potentials in a range of well-developed world class export sectors such as textiles and garments, leather and leather products, food staffs and pharmaceutical and metal and engineering products.


Area:1.14 million square kilometers
Arable land: 513,000 square kilometers (45%)
Irrigated land: 34,200 square kilometers (3%)
Population: 94 million (2012/13)
Working age Population: 50.7%
Population Under age of 15: 40.1 million
GDP: 691 US $ (2014)

Reason for Investment in Ethiopian Manufacturing sector


Growing Population and Rising Consumer Spending

The total population of Ethiopia is over 94 million of which 19% of the total population is residing in urban areas. Ethiopia’s population will rise to 112 million and 125 million in 2020 and 2025, respectively. Ethiopia is the second populous countries in Africa (next to Nigeria) and thus potentially one of the largest domestic markets in Africa.


African Millionaires

Fastest growing countries (2007-2013)

  • Ethiopia (2700 Millionaires) - 108%
  • Angola (6400 Millionaires) - 68%
  • Tanzania (5600 Millionaires) - 51%
  • Zambia(900 Millionaires)- 50%
  • Ghana(2400 Millionaires)- 50%
  • Nigeria(15700 Millionaires)- 44%
  • Algeria(4100 Millionaires)- 41%
  • Ivory Coast(2100 Millionaires)- 31%
  • Morocco(4900 Millionaires)- 26%
  • Kenya(8300 Millionaires)- 24%

Growing Economy

Ethiopia’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) stands at USD 61.539bn (2014) and it is among the fastest growing global economies. An average growth of 10.2% per annum has been achieved over the past five years.


Political Stability

Ethiopia is considered as one of the most stable countries in Africa. It is a diplomatic and political hub and hosts the headquarters of the African Union (AU) as well as United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA). Ethiopia is also a key proponent of peace on the continent and is regularly involved in conflict resolution in the region.


Huge Natural Resource

Ethiopia has vast land and huge natural resource base for developing new areas and improving existing ones. The country has suitable growing conditions for production of a range of inputes for ago processing plants.


Potential labor supply

Ethiopia has the second largest labor force in Africa (over 43 million workers) Minimum wage is among the lowest in Africa. The cost of labor is very affordable. Private sector monthly salaries for university graduates range from USD 150 to USD 200, while construction sector monthly wages range from USD 60 for daily laborers to USD 300 for a foreman.

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